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St kitts

About St Kitts

The beautiful islands of St. Kitts and Nevis are the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population. They are located in Eastern Caribbean, around 2000 kms southeast of Florida, USA. They are a popular tourist destination renowned for their white sandy beaches, crystal clear waters, lush vegetation, warm climate and clear blue skies. Much like their neighboring islands, they have become an important destination in the itinerary of cruise ship companies. St. Kitts is famous around the world for excellent preservation of the ecosystems.

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis) is a two-island nation in the West Indies. St. Kitts is the larger island which is separated from Nevis, the smaller island situated 2 miles southeast of St. Kitts, by a shallow channel of water called "The Narrows". The capital city of this nation is Basseterre and is situated on the larger island of St. Kitts. The Federation is a member of the United Nations (UN), of the Organization of American States (OAS), the British Commonwealth and many other international organizations.

Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. St. Kitts was the site of the first permanent British and French settlements in the New World. During the Colonial era, St. Kitts claimed the title, "The Pearl of the Caribbean" because of its riches and, the important role it played in the expansion of the British Empire. Today the country is an independent Commonwealth nation. The government is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state, represented in St. Kitts and Nevis by a Governor-General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The country has a well-functioning democracy based on the British parliamentary system.

As of July 2010, the estimated population of this nation was 50,000 inhabitants, with 90% of the population being of African descent. English is the official language of St. Kitts and Nevis. St. Kitts has one of the highest literacy rates (98%) in the Caribbean.

A dominant tourist industry characterizes the economy of this two-island nation. Agriculture and light manufacturing industries also make a significant contribution to the national economy. The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank has its headquarters on St. Kitts. It maintains the stability of the Eastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD), which is the national currency of most eastern Caribbean countries and is tied to the US Dollar. The Eastern Caribbean Dollar is fixed at XCD2.70 per dollar of the United States of America (USD) since July 1976.